Wood for Carving with egyption style


Wood carving or the art of cutting designs in wood has been practiced from the earliest civilizations. Varied techniques have been accomplished using some basic tools such as knives, saw, and gouges, and a host of others. The created works have varied from floral designs to geometrical patterns to abstract design decorative panels. It has been used to make furniture, spoons, bowls, toys, trays, jewel boxes, vases, book stands, masks, idols, frames, beads, chess sets, and whatever else the mind could conceive. From the beginning, wood carving has been taught from generation to generation.
With a bare minimum of tools and an assortment of almost any kind of used wood, anyone can carve hand tools, eating utensils, figurines and much more. As a person's carving knowledge grows, so can their skill and repertoire. And eventually a person could be revered as master wood carvers.
Not only does a good wood carver utilize a good set of carving tools; it is very important to use good carving wood. Softwoods are suggested when beginning this craft. Softwoods are trees known to be gymnosperms. They are generally evergreen trees with the exception of the bald cypress trees. Eighty percent of the timber production in the world is softwood.
The Linden tree is a very good wood to use in carving. It is a soft wood and easy to work with. It has little grain and is low in density. It was plentiful and easy to acquire for the Vikings. They liked to use it for carving shields and other things. Linden wood was easy to carve intricate designs in. Many medieval classic woods for sculptures and elaborate altarpieces were made of this wood. It is also good wood for making guitars and wind instruments having good sound quality. It also has the strength to be used for drum shells for both sound and aesthetics. This wood is also desired for window blinds and shutters.
The opposite of softwood is hardwood. This kind of tree is known as angiosperm. Interestingly, softwood is not necessarily softer than hardwood. Wood hardness varies in density of range so some hardwoods are softer than most softwood. Long leaf pines, Douglas fir, and yew are found to be much harder than some hardwoods. Chestnut, Butternut, Oak, American walnut, Mahogany and teak are also good woods to work with.
The Olive tree is a good hardwood to carve with. The gnarled, twisted trunks of olive trees produce beautiful, aromatic wood and is used in making bowls, the handles of knives and inlays for furniture. Additionally, Olive wood burns hot, produces low-smoke, is aromatic, and is good for cooking. It is good for bread boards in making bread, is good for the grilling foods and is also good for smoking meats.
Olive wood is heavy, dense, and durable. It has a distinct color with a variety red, gray, and browns. It is resilient and has longevity. Wood carvers have desired it for millennia. Once a person has mastered softwood carving they may want the challenge it this beautiful wood.







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Tradition of Indian Wood Carvings


The art of creating designs in wood by hands using cutting tool is referred to as wood carving. The basic tools used are carving knife, coping saw, V-tool, vainer, gouge, and many more. Wood carvings vary from traditional motifs and floral to geometrical or even abstract patterns. These also vary between cultures. This has been practiced since the earliest civilization by humans. Various techniques of carving are used like chip carving, relief carving, and many more.
Wood chip carving also known as spoon carving involves chipping and cutting a piece of wood till some design appears. This type of carving mostly features geometric patterns, furniture and also dishes. It is not a difficult process although mastering in it might take some time and would involve patience. Similarly, wood relief carving has been known since ancient times. In this type of carving objects or figures are carved into a flat piece of wood. The process in this type of carving involves removing of wood so that carved object emerges to rise out of the wood itself.
In India, wood carving has a renowned history especially in Punjab region. This traditional art has been passed on through the generations by the master craftsmen. Craftsmen in India are well known for wide range of handicrafts in wood like decorative panels, furniture, wooden screens, spoons, bowls, toys, trays, jewel boxes, vases, book stands, masks, idols, frames, photo frames, beads, chess sets, and many more.
Wood Carving in Different Regions of India
Wood carving has been practiced all across India. Let us look into different regions were this art is practiced.
Karnataka: This region of India is focused in sandalwood carving. Various sandalwood idols have been carved here. Now sandalwood boxes are also the specialty of this region. Sandalwood has distinctive aroma that makes it apart from other types of wood. The boxes created are mostly covered with mythological scenes. These are important product of Kumta, Sagar, and Mysore.
Assam: This region of India has wide range of forests and also rich tradition of wood works. The places of worship here include large carvings of mythical figures like hanuman, garuda, half man, and lions with Simhasan.
Kashmir: This region of India is lined with wood. The ceiling here is done with geometrical patterns and lattice. Here various wood carved items are also produced such as screens, furniture, bowls, and boxes. The Kashmir has abundance of walnut wood. The crafters here decorate wood panels. These panels are used for ceilings and pillars.
Tamil Nadu: This region also has well developed tradition of wood carving. This is basically used for decorating houses and temples. The wooden Tanjore dolls and Punki wood dolls are famous in this region.
Kerala: This region has richest traditions in woodcarving. One can see carved pillars and beams in the houses. Wood carvers over here do wonders on rosewood and sandalwood.
Sankheda: Sankheda in Gujarat is one of the important centers of wood carving.
As seen above each region in India has its own style of carving and structures.


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Wood Carving is a Hobby to Be Enjoyed Despite the Age


Hand carved wood is often used for decorative purposes and includes statues, figurines and murals of varying designs. Making beautiful figurines and designs out of wood is a hobby that has been around for many years.
Hand carved wood is unique and beautiful to look at. Whether it is a wooden statue or an intricate doorway; the details and designs of wood carvings offer a unique and vivid impression. Time and patience has gone into the carvings, and it is often easy to see the love that has been instilled in the projects. Over the years, working with wood has led to many new hobbies and pursuits for people who are finding satisfaction in putting their hands to good use.
Wood carving tools are important in order to make beautiful and intricate carvings. Depending on the design and the intricacies of the details, different wood carving tools may be required for a number of different projects. For broad and generalized work, a single carving knife may do the job, but for smaller detailed work, chisels and bents may be more appropriate. Wood carving tools can be used to design intricately detailed doors and murals, making vases and bowls, making toys for children and furniture as well as designing unique portrait frames and murals.
Learning which tools work better for various jobs is something that comes with a little bit of time and effort, but will not take long to learn. With the right tools and the right wood - wood carving is a hobby to be enjoyed despite the age.


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Improve Your Wood Carving Caricatures - Using Proper Proportions


f you are reading this information, you are more than likely interested in wood carving caricatures and want to know how to improve your wood carving results. The one word key to doing so is "Proportions". Using general proportions will make your wood carvings appear pleasing and natural to the eye at first glance. When I say "general" proportions, I am saying that using exact to the millimeter measurements is not needed, rather a close approximation to correct human proportions is enough.
Following the basic proportions of the human anatomy will improve the way that your wood carvings look and will please the eye of people that are seeing your wood carvings. There are several sources of information about anatomy that go into extremely detailed information about how long or how wide various parts of the body should be, to be considered ideal. After researching several proportional guidelines, I prefer to follow the basic proportions rules that are described by Don Mertz the "Wood bee Carver". Mr. Mertz teaches what he calls the "Rule Of Three" that basically divides various areas of the body into thirds to allow for an easy conversion for all sizes of wood carving figures.
  • Head and Face Proportions
In the study of the "Rule Of Three", the head is divided into thirds from top to bottom, with the top 1/3 being the area from the hairline to the eyebrows. The second 1/3 is the area from the eyebrows down to the bottom of the nose and finally the third 1/3 is from the bottom of the nose to the bottom of the chin. You can then further break down the area below the nose into thirds. The first 1/3 is from the nose to the separation of the lips, second 1/3 from the divide of the lips to the indention above the chin, and the third 1/3 is from the indention to the bottom of the chin. Viewing the face from the front, it is generally 2/3 as wide as the height of the face.
The side view of the head can also be divided into thirds, with the eyes falling along the center line from top of the head to the bottom of the jaw. If you divide the side view of the head in half, the ear begins on the center line, laying to the back of the head, and is usually positioned in the second 1/3 (top of ear at eyebrow level and bottom of ear at base of nose).
  • Body Proportions
The rest of the body can also be divided by using the same "Rule Of Three" principle. From the bottom of the head to the bottom of the feet, the body is divided three times. The top 1/3 is from the shoulder area to the belt line, the second 1/3 from the belt line to the middle of the knee, and the third 1/3 from the middle of the knee to the bottom of the feet. It is generally accepted in drawing and wood carving that the body without the head is approximately the length of seven heads stacked on top of each other. Some wood carving caricatures are eight heads tall, in which you would make the torso (shoulders down to the belt line) three heads long and the area below the belt line five heads long. Experiment with the two and see what length you prefer for the body.
Looking front on or from the rear straight on at the figure, the shoulders are approximately the width of three heads wide and are the widest spot of the body. The wider the shoulders, the larger and more intimidating the figure will appear.
With these wonderful proportional principles from Mr. Mertz, you will be able to make your wood carving figures look more human and correct. Like I said above, being exact is not important, because not many of are really exactly proportionally correct. Just using these general proportions could change your wood carving caricatures from mediocre to very pleasing to view.

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Proper Choice and Care of Woodcarving Knives


The care for the woodcarving knives has to be proper in order to make the carving task an excellent one. It is a duty of a good carver to realize that taking care of the knives is equally vital to performing the actual task of carving. This realization starts in the beginning level for a carver. While learning carving, a beginner carver also learns how to take care of his tool.
Woodcarving tools round and smooth the piece of woods to produce the desired sculpture or useful item. There are wood carving tools suitable for different types of works. Each work will need slightly different types of knives. Therefore, a carver ends up collecting a significant number of knives in his toolbox.
The carver has to perform two tasks with these knives - selecting the correct one for buying and then taking care of them after buying. These tasks include proper care of the wood carving power tools as well as safety in using them.
Choosing a wood carving knife may sometime be highly critical to the success of the carving project. This has to be done extremely carefully. The main properties that a carver should look for when selecting a wood carving knife is its blade and handle. If the task requires delicate handling, the blade should be short, and for the rough part of the tasks, the blade should be longer. The handle must fit the carvers hand properly. If the handle does not fit properly, the carver must work hard to accomplish the required level of detail. In that case, he can become tired unusually quickly, and the quality of the work may go down. The manufacture of each wood carving knife is different. Thus, the carver needs to make certain he gets the one that is best for his hand for his usage.
The sharpness of the blade is also crucial to make the task of the carver easy. The blunt or dull edge is critical for two terms. First, the blunt edge destroys the quality of the work because it cannot deliver the delicate detail. Secondly, the blunt edge causes additional force to be applied on the knife and the force may become dangerous if the blade slips and hurt the carver's hand.
There are two ways to ensure the sharp edge of the blades. First, to prevent them from being blunt easily. Surprisingly, this can be achieved by simply organizing the blades properly. If they are placed unorganized in a box or compartment, the bang among the wood carving power tools can cause harm to the blades. So the knives should be hang by the handle or can be stored in a drawer with compartments so that they remain separated. Secondly, once they started to be blunt, they need to sharpen. Ideally, the task of sharpening should be done professionally for beginner level carvers this is a must. However, the experienced carvers can use stone sharpeners, power grinder or leather strops to sharpen the knives. The stones can be hard or soft, and they need oil or water respectively. The knives can be sharpened by brushing them against the stones repeatedly. Motored power grinders can sharpen the knives easily, but the wood carving power tools need to be held against the wheel when the wheel is rotating away from the knife. The micro abrasive surface of the leather strops can also sharpen the knives.
The environment of the knife storage is also a significant factor for the knives. The environment should maintain moderate level of heat, and cold and the moisture level should be minimum.
The proper choice of wood carving power tools along with the appropriate level of care for these knives can make it easy for the task of carver. In combination with his imagination, some of the best woodcarving works my come into existence.
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